Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow

Written by Caitlind r.c. Brown

First conceived in response to a Call for Public Art in 2016, Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow is a site-specific art installation visualizing the complex passage of time as it relates to the historic King Edward School in Calgary. 105 hourglasses are suspended overhead – one for each year from the building’s construction in 1912 until it reopened as cSPACE King Edward in 2017.

Speaking to the difference between time as a pragmatic measurement (Chronos) and time as an experience (Kairos), half the hourglasses measure universal time like a clock, and half measure personal increments of time collected through a public Time Gathering. Ranging from “THE TIME IT TAKES TO: call mom” to “THE TIME IT TAKES TO: realize it was just a dream and you are no longer lying next to me,” you can read the brass tags attached to various hourglasses to understand the increment of time being measured in sand.

The hourglasses are filled with sand crushed from sandstone bricks collected during cSPACE’s renovations. Smashed, ground, sifted, mixed, and measured into each hand-blown hourglass, the sand tracks 0 seconds to 4 hours in hourglasses measuring 5 inches to 2 feet in height. Every few seconds, different hourglasses flip mathematically, controlled by motors, sensors, and microcomputers. An internal clock uses GPS to ensure the hourglasses flip on schedule, regardless of power outages or electrical issues. At noon and midnight every day, all hourglasses flip in a wave passing through the entrance.

Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow from Dane Ulsifer on Vimeo.

Viewers who frequent the space will eventually learn to read these movements as the ticking of an intricate clock, mapping universal time in relation to abstract, personal measurements of time. Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow uses the hourglass as a symbol of non-linear time – both mortal and immortal – drawing a relationship between the sandstone school’s past, transitional present, and the uncertain future yet to come.

Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow is included in the permanent collection of the Alberta Foundation for the Arts. This artwork was commissioned from artists Lane Shordee, Caitlind r.c. Brown, and Wayne Garrett, one of three finalist teams winning an open call to Alberta artists. The commission was awarded by the Alberta Foundation for the Arts in partnership with the cSPACE Projects through the City of Calgary 1% Public Art Policy for long-term display in the historic entrance of cSPACE King Edward in Calgary, Canada.


ARTISTS + DESIGNERS   Lane Shordee, Caitlind r.c. Brown, Wayne Garrett

COMMISSIONED BY  Alberta Foundation for the Arts in partnership with cSPACE King Edward

PRIMARY FABRICATION  Lane Shordee, Caitlind r.c. Brown, Wayne Garrett

FABRICATION ASSISTANCE  Ivan Ostapenko, Martha Zed


WELDING  Rob Reuser


DOCUMENTARY  Dane Ulsifer, with thanks to Lewis Liski, Gillian McKercher, and Guillaume Carlier

SPECIAL THANKS cSPACE Team (Deeter Schurig, Karilynn Thompson, Reid Henry, Francois Ouellet), Joanne MacDonald, Alia Shahab, Mike Corbiell, Alberta Craft GalleryStudio CNatalie Gerber Studios, Shona Rae Studios, and all the cSPACE tenants, community members, friends, family, and artists who contributed intervals of time to this artwork.

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